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Prostate cancer

400+ robot operations per year

Every day, approximately 25 men in Sweden receive the diagnosis of prostate cancer. This makes prostate cancer the most common cancer in the country. Prostate cancer is a tumor disease that primarily affects older men. Nearly half of those diagnosed with prostate cancer in Sweden are over 70 years old. It is very uncommon to be affected if you are under 50 years old.

The prostate gland is located beneath the bladder, around the upper part of the urethra, which is why symptoms may manifest in the urinary tract over time. The exact cause of the disease is often unclear, but lifestyle and heredity are known risk factors. There are various types of treatments that can slow the progression and, in the best-case scenario, cure the cancer.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Most men have no symptoms, and the cancer is detected when the man undergoes urological investigation after checking a PSA test. This blood test is taken during a health examination at a healthcare center or when the man requests it himself. Some regions in Sweden currently offer organized prostate cancer screening.

However, symptoms of advanced prostate cancer may include:

  • Increasing bone pain
  • Rapidly worsening, noticeable urinary problems
  • Blood in the urine
  • Anemia
How is prostate cancer detected?

The most common examinations to detect prostate cancer are:

  • PSA test
  • MRI scan
  • Biopsy
Disease Progression

Different stages of prostate cancer are typically identified. In the initial stage, the cancer grows only within the prostate gland. In later stages, it may extend beyond the prostate, spreading to lymph nodes and bones (metastasis). Occasional spread to other organs can occur but is rare except in the advanced stages of the disease.

How is prostate cancer treated?

Treatment of prostate cancer is always planned individually based on the characteristics of the disease. The choice of treatment depends on any other medical conditions, potential signs of high-risk prostate cancer, results of metastatic investigations, and, of course, the patient's own preferences.

Many men with low-risk cancer may not need immediate treatment. They are often monitored closely through active surveillance. To cure prostate cancer, surgery (radical prostatectomy) or radiation therapy can be performed. In more advanced cases, oncologic treatments such as chemotherapy, targeted drugs, and hormone therapy are usually administered. The specific type of treatment needed is determined on an individual basis.

Prostate Biopsy

In cases of elevated PSA or abnormalities indicated by the Stockholm 3-test, or if a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination of the prostate reveals anomalies, it may be necessary to take tissue samples from the prostate, known as biopsies. This procedure can be performed either through the rectum or via the perineal skin. The latter technique is relatively new, with the advantage of not posing an increased risk of infection or sepsis during the sampling.

Tissue samples are taken under local anesthesia and typically take between 15 and 30 minutes, depending on the method and the number of samples needed. Before the biopsies, a prostate MRI is always conducted, and if anomalies are identified, a fusion technique is used to accurately target the specific areas of interest.

It is common to experience blood in the urine and semen after the procedure, but this is entirely harmless. If you are taking blood-thinning medications, it is important to inform the medical team in advance.

A more detailed description of what to consider during the sampling is sent to you before the visit or provided on-site.

Ultrasound of the prostate

Transrectal ultrasound of the prostate (TRUL) is performed to assess the size of the prostate, and the examination also provides information about its structure. It is a common procedure in urology clinics and is usually not painful.

After the doctor has palpated the prostate with a finger through the rectum, the ultrasound probe is inserted through the same route for the examination, which takes a few minutes.

Your needs in focus

CMedical has some of Europe's best surgeons for prostate cancer surgery.

When our doctors, in consultation with you, decide on a treatment plan, not only is the cancer itself taken into account but also your previous illnesses, age, and overall health condition.

In the national care programs for prostate cancer, there is information aimed at men with early-stage prostate cancer. You can obtain this information from your contact nurse.

Specialist clinics

At our clinics, you will find a diverse group of highly qualified and dedicated professionals. From compassionate surgeons, committed gynecologists, and devoted fertility specialists to experienced urologists, empathetic physiotherapists, and understanding sexologists. Our experts collaborate daily to provide patients with the best care possible. They bring not only their individual expertise but also an interdisciplinary perspective to create a comprehensive understanding of your situation. We are here to offer treatment that embraces all aspects of you.


We are a private healthcare provider. This means you pay for the services yourself or have the evaluation or treatment covered by health insurance.

Private care

Some of our clinics accept privately paying patients from Sweden, Norway and abroad. In collaboration with our partners, we have developed favorable financing options for those who wish to pay privately. Contact your clinic for more information.

Frequently Asked Questions

Ensuring a seamless patient experience is our priority. If you encounter any queries or uncertainties, our contact number is conveniently located at the bottom of the page. Your convenience and peace of mind are of utmost importance to us!


No referral required. We are a private health clinic and, therefore, do not have a reimbursement agreement with the public sector.

Waiting time

We offer no to very short waiting times, typically ensuring assistance within a week. The timeframe varies depending on your specific needs; for example, simple consultations can be scheduled more quickly compared to surgeries. Feel free to contact us, and we'll find a time that suits you!

About the company

CMedical was established in 2013 and is a Nordic private healthcare provider with clinics in Norway and Sweden. We conduct approximately 50,000 consultations per year, ensuring to leverage our expertise to understand the overall health picture of our patients.

Medical examination

We recommend everyone to start with a diagnosis or consultation. A typical diagnosis with us lasts approximately 30 minutes.